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Basic Facts


Trampoline / Trampolin


TRAMPOLINE group programme for children aged 8-12 years with at least one substance-abusing or -dependent caregiver was tested among 218 children from substance-affected families in a multicentre randomised controlled trial in 27 outpatient counselling facilities across Germany. The intervention is geared to the issues and needs of children of substance-abusers (COS), it especially explores the role of psychoeducation on children well-being, including addiction-related content and activities.


  • National/regional/local government
  • Non-governmental organisation


  • National


The overall goal of TRAMPOLINE is to prevent substance use disorders (SUD) in children from substance affected families. The specific objectives were to teach participants effective strategies for coping with stress, to reduce the psychological stress for participants resulting from parental substance abuse or dependency by extending children’s knowledge about alcohol and drugs, their effects on people and the consequences of substance-related disorders for affected persons and their family and to improve feelings of self-worth and self-efficacy and to help develop a positive concept of self.


Stakeholder Involvement

  • Target group(s)
  • Researchers
  • Civil society (NGOs)

Logic Model

The theoretical underpinnings of the programme were derived from existing literature.

Elements Of Plan

  • Literature review and/or formative research
  • Needs assessment
  • Detailed plan of action
  • Financial plan
  • Human resource management plan
  • Time schedule
  • Partners' agreement
  • Communication plan
  • Evaluation plan


Time Frame

  • Continuous

Target Group

  • Children
  • Parents
  • Other
  • Isolated children

Communication Channel

  • Brochures/leaflets/items
  • Website
  • Meetings/conferences with experts/colleagues

Core Activities

In developing the group programme TRAMPOLINE, a three-step approach was chosen: reviewing the international literature, inviting experts in the field (counsellors, social workers), conducting and closely monitoring a pilot trial of the programme. The resulting detailed manual includes nine weekly 90 – minute models for the children as well as two optional parent sessions.

Supportive activities

  • Consultancy
  • Supervision
  • Training
  • Team meetings



Internal & External


  • Process
  • Impact
  • Outcome


Both interventions showed significant effects over time. The effects were grouped in pre-post effect, pre-follow-up effects and effects during follow up. All effects except for one exception (constructive-palliative emotion regulation) developed in the desired direction (substance-related avoidant coping, mental distress, cognitive capabilities, self-worth etc.).

Significant group differences were found in the areas of knowledge, mental distress, and social isolation. Intervention group participants showed significantly increased knowledge, significantly reduced mental distress and significant less social isolation compared to control group participants.

No group differences were found regarding self-efficacy and self-worth.


Outcome and process: Broening, S., Wiedow, A., Wartberg, L., Ruths, S., Haevelmann, A., Kindermann, S., Moesgen, D., Schaunig-Busch, I., Klein, M. & Thomasius, R. (2012).Targeting children of substance-using parents with the community-based group intervention TRAMPOLINE: a randomised controlled trial--design, evaluation, recruitment issues. BMC Public Health, 12-223.

Process: Haevelmann, A., Broening, S., Klein, M., Moesgen, D., Wartberg, L., & Thomasius, R (2013). Empirical Quality Assurance in the Evaluation of "Trampoline" – A Group Intervention for Children of Substance-using Parents. Suchttherapie, 14(03), 128-134.

Follow Up

A 6-month follow-up to detect sleeper effects and test the stability of effects uncovered in the post-measurement.

Additional Information


Contact person: Rainer Thomasius, Prof Dr

Organization: Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Zentrum für Suchtfrage des Kindes- und Jugendaltes

Address: Martinistraße 52, 20246 Hamburg

Country: Germany

Telephone number: +49 40 7410 59307

E-mail address:

Additional remarks

Last change: 10. 10. 2016 - 17:36, created: 07. 04. 2016
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