NameI'm also involved in prevention (ΕΙΜΑΙ ΚΑΙ ΕΓΩ ΣΤΗΝ ΠΡΟΛΗΨΗ)
This programme has been organized by the multidisciplinary team of ‘Pronoi’ Addiction Prevention Center, Athens (GREECE) in order to cover on a sustainable basis the needs of students of Secondary Education for the information regarding alcohol, substance use and addictions in general (alcohol, smoking, drugs, etc.). Methodology used is Brief Psychoeducational Intervention (universal prevention).
Content of the intervention is the definition of addiction, differences between use & abuse, stages of addiction, consequences of abuse and addiction, definition of prevention, understanding how media influences work, deconstructing advertising messages, development of personal responsibility for one’s health, getting involved in promoting prevention principles at school, creation of an advertisement promoting alcohol prevention messages, etc. Techniques that are used are discussion, work in small groups, power point presentation, video, music, drawing, role playing, brainstorming, questionnaires, etc.
The intervention is implemented in a group format of 20-25 students per session (a single session is 3.5 hours long) and in a circle formation to facilitate the interactive and experiential approach of the intervention.The programme is approved and supported by the Ministry of Education – Health Education Office so schools apply to the centre in order to participate in the programme each year.
- National/regional/local government
The general aim of the intervention is to educate and inform adolescents regarding alcohol and substance use (definition, causal factors, consequences, etc.) providing emphasis also on the role of media and peer influences on the use and addiction of alcohol and other substances.
- Intermediate target group
- Ministry of Education
Scientific: This intervention draws on elements of the rational model/factual approach through the provision of information about the health risks and the social influence resistance model, which focuses on the social context in which substance is used. Our intervention is clearly based on Bandura’s social cognitive theory with emphasis on the social environment of the adolescent. Therefore, it focuses on building skills to recognize negative influences aiming to change knowledge about and attitudes toward substance abuse with the ultimate goal of influencing behaviour.Past experience: There was a growing need from schools & communities to address these issues and types of interventions in the past that usually had the form of an informative lecture by a guest speaker in front of an audience of 300 students were not effective and this has been proved by a number of studies in the field of prevention research. From our experience with brief psychoeducational interventions, we saw that we could start a very productive discussion with adolescents and provide them with food for thought.
Elements Of Plan
- Literature review and/or formative research
- Needs assessment
- Detailed plan of action
- Time schedule
- Evaluation plan
- Meetings/conferences with experts/colleagues
- Direct communication
The programme has been running since 2004 and each year it has 15-20 groups of students participating (approximately 4,500 students).Event: Teen festival of advertisements regarding prevention of alcohol and other addictions (it takes place every 3 years).
- Team meetings
- Collaboration with the Counselling Psychology Department of the Manchester Metropolitan University
ResponsibilityInternal & External
The outcome evaluation examined adolescents’ changes in attitudes and knowledge about alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs, after their participation in a preventive substance abuse short term intervention. Pre and post intervention measurements explored this change in a sample of 125 Greek students (60 males, 65 females; mean age=14.7) from three different schools. Results showed that adolescents’ anti-substance attitudes changed after the intervention primarily towards alcohol and secondly towards cigarettes, whereas there was not significant change in their attitudes towards drugs; young women presented stronger anti-substance attitudes than young men. Before the intervention, adolescents’ anti-drugs attitudes were stronger than their attitudes towards alcohol and smoking for both genders; after the intervention, adolescents’ anti-drugs attitudes were found to be stronger than their anti-alcohol and anti-smoking attitudes, for both genders.It is concluded that such interventions, even though short-term, have an impact on adolescents’ attitudes towards substances, as well as on their knowledge about them; a fact which reinforces the need for research-based interventions.
Loizou D. Preventive substance abuse among greek adolescents: evaluation of a community based psycho-educational programme. Unpublished Dissertation Thesis. Manchester Metropolitan University in collaboration with ‘Pronoi’ Substance Use Prevention Centre of Municipality of Kifissia, 2009, Athens, Greece.
Contact person: Ms Vasiliki Alexaki, Social Worker, Prevention Worker
Organization: Center for the Prevention of Addiction & Psychosocial Health Promotion "PRONOI" Municipality of Kifissia and Organization Against Drugs OKANA
Address: Parou 2 & Ch.Lada, Kifissia 14563, Athens
Telephone number: +302 10 8082 673E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org